A dermatologist is a physician who specializes in the treatment of conditions involving the skin, nails and hair. Some of these disorders include acne, eczema, psoriasis, skin cancer, moles, melanomas, and skin tumors but are not limited to. Checkout Phoenix Dermatologist for more info. Dermatologists are accredited by the US Board of Dermatology.
An patient with a skin condition, such as eczema, psoriasis or skin cancer, is most often referred by their regular doctor to a dermatologist. A dermatologist is better suited to diagnose or assist in treating skin conditions because of his specialized training. The procedure they provide also involves dermabrasion or chemical peels, laser resurfacing, skin augmentation, hair transplants, liposuction or sclerotherapy (for the treatment of vascular malformations). A dermatologist, who is specially trained in the new, most effective surgical techniques, is also a specialist in the treatment of skin disorders that accompany aging, such as hair loss, skin discoloration and other skin changes. Some even specialize in medical procedures such as injections of botox, injections of collagen and surgery with the eyelids.
Although a skin care specialist has already been named, some dermatologists are also specialized in other treatments. A dermatopathologist, for example, specializes in infectious skin diseases, or those related or degenerative to the immune system. These doctors are trained in useful microscopic exams for the diagnosis of these diseases. Such experts often even operate in hospital settings where contagious skin infections sometimes occur.
Many experts in dermatology include the pediatric dermatology. Such doctors work mainly with skin conditions in childhood, such as eczema and other reactions to the skin common in infancy. Such dermatological experts are normally part of a larger medical team that is used to treat children who often have multiple signs of very complex medical conditions.
One field where a dermatologist can treat large numbers of children is eczema. Characterized by red, scaly or leathery-looking skin, often oozing and becoming crusty, eczema is a skin condition that affects babies and young children in large measure. Since this is commonly associated with an allergic reaction and dermatologists are specially trained in the treatment of skin allergies, their care is usually recommended. To order to treat eczema symptoms to children, a dermatologist can prescribe a topical or oral cortocosteroid drug, as well as recommend home skin care schemes to reduce the severity of the effects of eczema. Even though most kids eventually outgrow eczema, some don’t and the disease is extended into adulthood. Hence, several dermatologists treat eczema also in adult patients.
When most people think of a dermatologist, adolescent acne may be the first type of treatment that they associate with this particularity. Acne is characterized by the pimples, blotchy skin, cysts, whiteheads or blackheads presence. Such eruptions are the result of bacteria and oil that blocks the pores of the skin and causes mild to severe skin rashes. A dermatologist is required for diagnosis and relief for chronic or very serious cases of acne. The treatment given may include the dermatologist with specially designed instruments removing the pimples or cysts, and a dermatologist may prescribe medication to specifically target and alleviate acne problems. For cases where acne scarring has occurred, collagen injections, dermabrasion, a chemical peel or laser surgery may be done by a dermatologist to correct the appearance of unsightly pit marks and scars.
Psoriasis is another skin condition which may need a dermatologist to treat. Psoriasis can also be present in adolescents, the most often affecting adults. Characterized by inflamed, dense, discolored skin patches, the psoriasis is actually caused by an immune system overreaction. Although most cases are mild to moderate, as a result of this disorder some patients with psoriasis actually experience arthritic symptoms, and loss of fingernails and toenails. While most cases of psoriasis can be handled with medications modeled over the counter or home, a dermatologist may be called upon in these more severe cases for specialized treatment and to help a person with psoriatic arthritis handle the daily life.
The proper diagnosis and treatment of skin cancers, melanomas, moles and skin tumors is also regularly prescribed to a dermatologist. Such highly trained professionals are best suited for patients as they are trained in identifying their symptoms, diagnosing and providing the best patient care in those fields. A dermatologist may perform skin biopsies, surgical excisions, special tumor removal procedures (medically referred to as Mohs micrographic surgery), cryosurgery (freezing cancer growths using liquid nitrogen), topical chemotherapy, or any other number of specially trained procedures for administering them.